Development of an eco-logistical model to enable SMEs to influence ecology and logistics performance

Theme Ecology, Production planning
Project title Development of an eco-logistical model to enable SMEs to influence ecology and logistics performance (ÖkologWi)
Project duration 01.01.2017 – 30.06.2019
Press release

Ressource efficiency is one of the most important topics of the logistics of manufacturing companies in the near future. Increasing costs for energy and resources force companies to manufacture ecologically. The aim of this project is therefore the depiction of the connections between ecology and logistics (procurement, production, distribution) in holistic models in order to identify interactions and to derive improvements for both sectors (logistics and ecology). The results of the research project are intended to enable companies to influence the ecology and logistics performance in a targeted manner. Furthermore, the companies shall be empowered to implement ecological and logistical improvements on their own.

Publications about the project

In order to reduce CO2 emissions, it is necessary to know the emissions of operational processes. The Institut für Integrierte Produktion Hannover gGmbH has developed a software demonstrator which shows ecological-logistic cause-effect relationships. Internal and logistical processes can be investigated with regard to CO2 emissions, costs and process duration. Comparisons of different alternatives illustrate differences and show savings potentials of CO2.

ecology, logistics, CO2

The CO2 emissions of the logistics sector and the resulting environmental impact are continuously increasing. Rising costs for energy and resources, increased sensitivity of customers, changed legal bases and the impending climatic change force producing enterprises to ecologically-oriented rethink. The lack of knowledge about interdependencies, quantitative effects of actions and parameter characteristics prevents SMEs from the implementation. A holistic ecological-logistical impact model with software implementation can support SMEs reaching their potential. Requirements for the model and fundamental relationships between logistic parameters and ecological target values are presented in this publication.

SME, logistic, ecology

The development of an ecological logistical impact model for the holistic consideration of the logistics performance should allow companies and especially SMEs to be able to record the CO2 emissions of the logistics transparently. For the development of such a model, the basic influencing factors must be defined and furthermore established as quantitatively assessable criteria. This paper discusses the basic relationships between logistics and ecology. Moreover, the boundaries for an ecological and logistical impact model are discussed and procedures for the definition of the required evaluation criteria are described.

Ecology, Logistics, CO2 calculation, Impact Modell, sustainabilty


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Mareile Kriwall

Manager process technology